A research project sparked the beginnings of cybersecurity. Researcher Bob Thomas established that computer programs could move through a network and subsequently leave a few imprints everywhere it went. The software package was named Creeper, and Bob Thomas designed it with the capability to print a message while roaming amid terminals known as Tanex on the initial ARPANET.

Ray Tomlinson also tinkered with Creeper so that it became the first worm in a computer by making it self-replicating. He later wrote the Reaper program, software that is regarded as the first antivirus to chase and delete Creeper. This cybersecurity program and its successors were essential in providing protection against file malware, ransomware, and nation-state attacks. In this regard, several firms are providing multiple cybersecurity services globally to various organizations.

Until the late ’80s, computer security threats only entailed reading documents by malicious unauthorized insiders. However, in 1986, Marcus Hess, a German computer hacker hacked and used an internet gateway connection to sponge on the ARPANET. In the process, Hess cut approximately 400 army processors and intended to sell the secret information to the KGB. Nevertheless, a honeypot technique was employed by Clifford Stoll to detect and prevent this intrusion.

Consequently, the idea of gauging the internet’s size was initiated by Robert Morris in 1988. This idea led to the creation of a cybersecurity program known as the Morris Worm. It was primarily meant to utilize a well-known bug to infiltrate UNIX terminals and propagate through networks. However, this software had more dangerous effects, and Robert Morris was indicted under the Act of Computer Fraud and Abuse, though he later went on to become an MIT tenured professor. His indictment over cybersecurity resulted in the institution of the Computer Emergency Response Team, which is a systematic issue research center. This led to an increased need for a dedicated antivirus company in 1987, thus changing the future of cybersecurity. The antivirus industry began to expand.

Due to several computer-related threats, many companies began providing AV scanners in the early ’90s. The scanners were used to scan and test a given system’s binaries against signature databases. Solving the malware issue caused other problems, such as false positives, significant resource use and an explosion of produced malware samples. These problems resulted in the formation of the Endpoint Protection Platform, which allows malware programs to utilize signature scanning. Palpably, most of the malware samples have proved useful because they deviate from the common examples of EPP solutions. Customers can now avert the unknown while using their devices due to existing malware detection that recognizes those signatures.